Machu means old and Pichu means mountain in the Quechua language. Machu Picchu history, it was built in the 14th century and was ruled by the Incas. This is one of the 7 wonders of the world, an ancient site that has been abandoned since the 16th century when the Spaniards invaded this empire. This archeological site is known for its excellent planning of city with interconnected resources and is known as the Lost City of the Incas. This is one of the 7 wonders of the world because it is built in the Inca style of architecture which is unique and one of its kind in the world. There is no replica of this architectural style available anywhere in the world. This is one of the most important UNESCO world heritage sites that is located in Peru, South America closer to Brazil, Chile, and Bolivia.
- Machu Picchu History
- Who Really Made Machu Picchu?
- When Was Machu Picchu Discovered
- Who Found Machu Picchu After Lost?
- What Was The Purpose Of Building Machu Picchu?
- Why Did Machu Picchu Take So Long To Find?
- When Was Machu Picchu Abandoned?
- Why Did Machu Picchu Get Abandoned? And Why Did Machu Picchu Get Abandoned?
- Why Is Machu Picchu One Of The 7 Wonders Of The World?
- How Much Does It Cost To Visit Machu Picchu?
Machu Picchu History
This is a world heritage site that has many unexplored mysteries. Machu Picchu history was the luxurious empire ruled by the Incas in the 14th century. They only ruled the place for 80 years and abandoned due to Spanish conquests. It is estimated that during the rule of the Incas only 750 people lived on this land and had some social relation with the Inca rulers. It is discovered that human and animal sacrifices were made during the Inca rule. The remains of the skeletons of humans and animals in the burial suggest these rituals were made.
Hiram Bingham, an American explorer discovered this site a 105 years ago. When he discovered this site, there were still a few indigenous families living in this area. It is covered with a tropical forest and has been abandoned since 400 years from the time it has been discovered. Interesting Machu Picchu history facts are this site has 200 structures, 700 terraces, and many other sites of ruins and agriculture. It is a mystery as to how it was built without any writing or a sign of scriptures.
The emperor Pachacutec of the Inca civilization chose this to be the site of his empire. This was one of the sacred sites for the Incas. Agriculture was the main occupation here where maize and other crops were grown. The agriculture system at this site is said to be well planned and is taken as a reference for urban technical and agricultural systems.
Who Really Made Machu Picchu?
In the Machu Picchu history, there are many theories that state that Machu Picchu was found by the Incas and that they did not build it. All the stone structures at this site are built in limestone and granite. As per the legends, this legendary site was built by Pachacutec emperor of the Inca empire. The specialty of the engineering and construction techniques of these structures is such that the mortar is not used to hold the stones together. They are cut and wedged with such precision that during an earthquake the stones are said to dance and fall back in the same position.
This is the kind of engineering that is a marvel to a new world, especially when earthquakes are commonplace in Peru, this site is not affected by earthquakes since long because of its engineering and construction techniques.
When Was Machu Picchu Discovered
Machu Picchu was discovered on 24 July 1911, by American archeologist Hiram Bingham. Since its discovery, it has become one of the topmost tourist destinations among the 7 wonders of the world. To retain its originality and avoid damages only 2500 visitors are allowed on this site in a single tour. The archeologist discovered this site during his expeditions about finding the lost civilization of the Incas and their empire.
Who Found Machu Picchu After Lost?
American archeologist Hiram Bingham discovered the this Lost City of Incas accidently when he was looking for a city called Vilcabamba. This site is a wonder for many archeologists and engineers as to how the stones are wedged onto each other than even a knife cannot pass through them.
What Was The Purpose Of Building Machu Picchu?
In the Machu Picchu history, the purpose of building this site is still unknown. There are only theories that signify that it was built as a leisure resort of the emperor. This is considered as one of the sacred sites and there is another theory that this site was built for rituals, ceremonies, and agriculture. This site was said to be more of a retreat of the Inca emperor.
Why Did Machu Picchu Take So Long To Find?
Machu Picchu was discovered many times by historians, but Hiram Bingham displayed the picturesque report of the entire site that made him known to the world. It is located on top of a mountain with no inhabitation that had made it obscure to reach over many years until Hiram rediscovered it, and since then it has been turned into a tourist destination with transportation available to reach this mountain and view the ruins of the civilization.
When Was Machu Picchu Abandoned? And Why Did Machu Picchu Get Abandoned?
The site of the Machu Picchu was abandoned in the 15th century when the Spanish arrived and plagued the city. The last emperor did not survive and this led to the end of the Inca civilization and was abandoned in the 15th century. These are only possibilities and not real facts. Based on the research of the archeologists, it is estimated that the Spanish invasion led to the abandonment of the Incas and the city.
Why Is Machu Picchu One Of The 7 Wonders Of The World?
Machu Picchu has architecture and engineering that is a marvel to the world. Nobody could understand the science behind the way the structures are built without the use of mortar and concrete and yet all the structures are held together only built in stone. The agricultural system used by the Incas is advanced which is yet another reason to marvel the technical and engineering skills the Incas had to build such systems. These are a few reasons why this is one of the 7 wonders of the world.
How Much Does It Cost To Visit Machu Picchu?
There are various tours and packages to visit this legendary site. The range of the tickets costs less than $500. It takes 4 days to explore this Lost city of the Incas. Most of the packages have a round trip of pick up and drop facility to the hotel. There a few daily tours to this site that cost between $300 to $400 as well.